Machine learning techniques were used at University of Exeter. The reason is analyzing data from more than 15,000 patients in the US.
How does the technique work?
It spots hidden patterns in the data and learns who is most at risk. The algorithm is suggested to have the power of helping reduce the number of people who may have been falsely diagnosed with dementia.
Data from people who have attended a network of 30 National Alzheimer’s Coordinating Centre memory clinics in the US, was analyzed by the study’s researchers. At the beginning of the study, the attendees didn’t have dementia even though they have had problems with their memory or some other brain functions.
The study started in 2005 and finished in 2015. For that period of time one in ten attendees was diagnosed with dementia within two years after they visited the memory clinic.
So, what did the research find?
According to the study, the machine learning model is able to predict these new dementia cases with up to 92 per cent accuracy. Also, it is even more accurate than two existing alternative research methods.
According to Professor David Llewellyn, who is from the University of Exeter, they were now able to teach computers to accurately predict who will go on to develop dementia within two years.
Also, he added:
“We’re also excited to learn that our machine learning approach was able to identify patients who may have been misdiagnosed. This has the potential to reduce the guesswork in clinical practice and significantly improve the diagnostic pathway, helping families access the support they need as swiftly and as accurately as possible.”
Dr Janice Ranson, who also worked on the project, commented:
“We know that dementia is a highly feared condition. Embedding machine learning in memory clinics could help ensure diagnosis is far more accurate, reducing the unnecessary distress that a wrong diagnosis could cause.”
Machine learning was found to work effectively, using patient information which is routinely available in clinics such as memory and brain function, performance on cognitive tests and specific lifestyle factors.
Now the team has a new plan which includes conducting follow-up studies in order to evaluate the practical use of the method in clinics, as well as to assess whether it can be rolled out to improve dementia diagnosis, treatment and care.
The head of research at Alzheimer’s Research UK, Dr Rosa Sancho shared:
“Artificial intelligence has huge potential for improving early detection of the diseases that cause dementia and could revolutionise the diagnosis process for people concerned about themselves or a loved one showing symptoms. This technique is a significant improvement over existing alternative approaches and could give doctors a basis for recommending lifestyle changes and identifying people who might benefit from support or in-depth assessments.”
Besides, two years ago, VR was found to help people who are suffering from dementia recall past memories and tackle behavioral issues in 2019.