Chatbots and artificial intelligence tools like ChatGPT, which can create increasingly sophisticated written content in a short amount of time, are now being used to perform tasks ranging from writing school assignments to generating legal documents and even creating laws, cbs news reports.
However, technological innovations such as these leave many question marks. Will humans be replaced and will artificial intelligence take over their roles? Will the emergence of entirely new activities bring potential employment opportunities?
Digitalization and the New Time – Where do people belong?
Dynamic developments in the technological world welcome us to plunge into a new, completely different and unknown to most of us era – the digital one. But although this will bring many prospects, each of you is probably asking yourself where will humans belong among the hundreds of innovations and will artificial intelligence replace the need for human intelligence?
Here’s which professions will be replaced by chatbots like ChatGPT
ChatGPT can write computer code to program applications and software. It can check programmers’ language for errors and convert ideas from plain English into a programming language.
“In terms of jobs, I think it’s mostly an enhancement, not a complete job replacement. Coding and programming is a good example of that. You can actually write code pretty well”,
Columbia Business School professor Oded Netzer tells CBS MoneyWatch.
That could mean performing basic coding activities currently done by humans.
Writing simple administrative or scheduling emails for things like setting up or canceling appointments could also easily be outsourced to a tool like ChatGPT, according to Netzer.
“There’s hardly any creativity involved, so why would we write the whole thing instead of saying to the machine, ‘I need to set a meeting on this date,'”
David Autor, an MIT economist who specializes in labor, pointed to some mid-level white-collar jobs as functions that can be handled by AI, including work like writing human resources letters, producing advertising copy and drafting press releases.
“Bots will be much more in the realm of people who do a mixture of intuitive and mundane tasks like writing basic advertising copy, first drafts of legal documents. Those are expert skills, and there is no question that software will make them cheaper and therefore devalue human labor,”
Media planning and buying
Creative industries are likely to be affected, too. Noted advertising executive Sir Martin Sorrell, founder of WPP, the world’s largest ad and PR group, said on a recent panel that he expects the way companies buy ad space will become automated “in a highly effective way” within five years.
“So you will not be dependent as a client on a 25-year old media planner or buyer, who has limited experience, but you’ll be able to pool the data. That’s the big change,”
According to artificial intelligence experts and lawyers, ChatGPT’s capabilities translate well to the legal profession. In fact, the ChatGPT bot recently took a law school exam and received a passing grade after writing essays on topics ranging from constitutional law to taxation and torts.
“The dynamic that’s going on with lawyers now is that there’s too much work that’s possibly being done, so they’re making an artificial distinction between what they’re going to work on and what’s going to be set aside,”
says Jason Boehmig, co-founder and CEO of Ironclad, a legal software company.
Common legal forms and documents, including residential leases, wills and non-disclosure agreements, are fairly standard and can be drafted by a sophisticated bot.