There are a plethora of coding languages to consider learning if you want to kick start a career as a programmer, or if you are just keen to pick up a new hobby. Two of the biggest hitters are Python and Javascript, yet deciding between the two will be tricky for total novices. To help you choose, here is a look at the merits and downsides of these titans and how they stack up against one another.


For those who want to work in software and game development, picking which programming language to learn may be swayed in part by how widely adopted and popular they are amongst prospective employers.

While there are peaks and troughs in the popularity of particular languages, those at the top of the pile tend to stay there, and surveys show that the pros are still mostly attached to Javascript.

Memory management 

Another thing amateur coders need to keep in mind is how memory management in Python is handled, and how this can be seen as comparatively limited.

Javascript automates much of the memory management process, allocating and freeing up resources as they are needed. Memory leaks are still possible, so being aware of the performance issues that these can cause is key, especially when customer-facing creations are being coded in this language.


Plenty of newcomers to coding will want to choose a language based solely on how easy it is to comprehend from day one. While this is not always the best long-term strategy, it certainly helps to get your foot in the door.

In terms of comparing Python to Javascript, the former is unquestionably more accessible to novices than the latter. Its functions and variables are simple and should not take too long to get a grip on, while there is a lot more of a steep learning curve when it comes to Javascript.


The scalability of a programming language will largely determine the kinds of projects you can use it for, and again there is an interesting contrast between Javascript and Python in this context.

Javascript, specifically in its latest form, is built for scalability so that it can deal with the rigours of running all sorts of web apps and services being used by a lot of people simultaneously.

Python is not as innately scalable, but it overcomes this through its support for co-routines which can incorporate exceptional abilities to function smoothly even as volumes increase. The fact that globally known services like YouTube are built on Python is evidence that, with the right approach, scalability can be achieved. So it is less about the tools and more about your ability to use them to the fullest of their potential.


Lastly, it is worth looking at the kinds of things to which these languages are usually applied, and the extent to which this will gel with your future plans. Javascript works well for both backend server work and front-end functionality as well, while Python is very much focused on the former. Python is arguably broader in its applications, as it is not only used for web development but also has a foothold in cutting-edge areas like AI and machine learning.

Of course, the joy of coding is that you do not have to stop at learning just one language, so once you learn the basics of either Python or Javascript, you could always move on to the other!

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Nikoleta Yanakieva Editor at DevStyleR International